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Depreciation Lands Museum

Author: Jonathan Klemens

The Depreciation Lands Museum is a vibrant Colonial era living history settlement, that by 1805 was known as Talley Cavey. Staffed entirely by volunteers, our mission is to “preserve and interpret the history of the Depreciation Lands and Hampton Township.” Created by Hampton Township in 1973, the museum seeks to present the lifestyle, hopes and dreams, of the early European settlers in the Depreciation Lands.

In 1783, the state of Pennsylvania set aside 720,000 acres of land in western Pennsylvania to compensate its Revolutionary War soldiers for their services, since the dollar had depreciated drastically during the war. Known as The Depreciation Lands, the area included all of the North Hills of Pittsburgh, and further, to a line 4 1/2 miles north of the present city of Butler, thereby, also encompassing parts of Butler, Beaver, Lawrence and Armstrong Counties.

The Museum’s peaceful wooded grounds transport the visitor into an earlier time, with costumed 18th century interpreters every Sunday afternoon during the season, which extends from May – October. The site includes the Pine Creek Covenanter Church, built in 1837, and the associated cemetery, the Armstrong log house, built in 1803, an herb garden, a replica school, circa 1885, working blacksmith shop, bee hive bake oven, smoke house and Tavern, an 18th century style gathering place. The Barn houses a Conestoga wagon, displays, workshop, and a replica Mercantile.


Foods of the Frontier
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June 13, 2019
Sunday, June 23, 1-4 pm What did we eat out here on the Western Pennsylvania frontier? How did we cook our food? Watch & Learn! Naturally, it depended very much on your circumstances. A hunter living for weeks in the woods ate mostly what he found. The settlers, struggling to feed their families in those […]

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Hampton Heritage Day – New Summer Event!
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June 13, 2019
Sunday, June 30, 1-4 pm Over 200 years ago, the earliest European settlers began building their log homes and clearing fields for their farms. These hardworking folk, their offspring, and the settlers who followed, created the community of Talley Cavey and Hampton Township. Who were these people? Many are buried in the cemetery here at […]

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Friendship Day! Open free to all!
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May 7, 2019
Friendship Day! Depreciation Lands Museum Open Free to All! Sunday, May 19, 1-4 pm, with with a free orchestra concert of colonial music at 2:30pm! Experience history in real life as you visit with costumed interpreters, musicians, and Colonial Craftsmen in our small pioneer village at Depreciation Lands Museum. Visit with craftsmen and sutlers (purveyors […]

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Children’s Heritage Day in Allison Park
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April 16, 2019
Celebrate our heritage through children’s eyes on this very special day at the Depreciation Lands Museum. Rain or shine, there will be plenty to do. Join us for this very special family oriented day, filled with stories and hands-on activities. Children’s Heritage Day is a chance for both today’s and yesterday’s children to reconnect with […]

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